Introduction to (Teaching/Learning about) Digital Libraries

Edward A. Fox and Marcos André Gonçalves


This tutorial will provide a thorough and deep introduction to the DL field, introducing and building upon a firm theoretical foundation (starting with “5S”: Streams, Structures, Spaces, Scenarios, Societies), giving careful definitions and explanations of all the key parts of a “minimal digital library”, and expanding from that basis to cover key DL issues, illustrated with a well-chosen set of case studies. Attendees will receive a partial draft copy of a new book under development by the co-presenters, with tentative title “Foundations for Information Systems: Digital Libraries and the 5S Framework”, based in part on ideas explored in Dr. Gonçalves’ dissertation.

Target Audience

  • Audience 1: Those attending JCDL for the first time, to become oriented.
  • Audience 2: Those interested in DL theory in general, or 5S in particular.
  • Audience 3: Those teaching DL courses, so as to be prepared to use the new book.

Level of experience required: introductory. Those at intermediate or advanced levels could benefit as well, since the 5S framework has broad applicability for planners, designers, implementers, and evaluators.


Edward Fox holds a Ph.D. and M.S. in Computer Science from Cornell, and a B.S. from M.I.T. Since 1983 he has been at Virginia Tech, where he serves as Professor. He directs VT’s Digital Library Research Laboratory and the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations. He is chair of the IEEE Technical Committee on Digital Libraries, and is on the steering committee for JCDL and ICADL. He has been (co) PI on over 90 research and development projects. In addition to his courses at Virginia Tech (including on digital libraries), Dr. Fox has taught over 65 tutorials in more than 23 countries. He has given roughly 50 keynote/banquet/international invited/distinguished speaker presentations, 110 refereed conference/workshop papers, and 280 additional papers/presentations. He has co-authored/edited 12 books, 76 journal/magazine articles, 36 book chapters, and many reports. Fox is Co-Editor-in-Chief for ACM JERIC, and is on the boards of TOIS, IJDL, IP&M, J. UCS, Multimedia Tools and Applications, etc.

Marcos André Gonçalves concluded his doctoral degree in Computer Science at Virginia Tech in 2004. He earned a Master degree from State University of Campinas (UNICAMP) in 1997 and a Bachelor degree from the Federal University of Ceará (UFC) in 1995, both in Computer Science. In his dissertation, he proposed one of the first comprehensive formal frameworks for digital libraries (DLs): the 5S framework of Streams, Structures, Spaces, Scenarios, and Societies. He has been working on the DL field since 1997. He has published 5 book chapters, 10 journal/ magazine papers, and more than 30 conference/workshop papers in the DL field. He received 5 awards including the Lewis Trustee Award from Laspau for promoting collaborative research between the U.S. and Latin America (Brazil) in the DL field and the ACM/IEEE 2004 Joint Conference on Digital Library’s Best Student Paper Award. His research interests include DL, IR, and Databases. He is collaborating with Fox on a book (tentative title: “Foundations for Information Systems: Digital Libraries and the 5S Framework”) based in part on his dissertation.