Victor H. Yngve Professor of Information Science
Indiana University, School of Library and Information Science
Bloomington, IN, USA
Katy Börner is the Victor H. Yngve Professor of Information Science at the School of Library and Information Science, Adjunct Professor at the School of Informatics and Computing, Adjunct Professor at the Department of Statistics in the College of Arts and Sciences, Core Faculty of Cognitive Science, Research Affiliate of the Biocomplexity Institute, Fellow of the Center for Research on Learning and Technology, Member of the Advanced Visualization Laboratory, and Founding Director of the Cyberinfrastructure for Network Science Center at Indiana University. She is a curator of the Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit. Her research focuses on the development of data analysis and visualization techniques for information access, understanding, and management. She is particularly interested in the study of the structure and evolution of scientific disciplines; the analysis and visualization of online activity; and the development of cyberinfrastructures for large scale scientific collaboration and computation. She is the co-editor of the Springer book on “Visual Interfaces to Digital Libraries” and of a special issue of PNAS on “Mapping Knowledge Domains” (2004). Her new book “Atlas of Science: Guiding the Navigation and Management of Scholarly Knowledge” published by MIT Press will become available in 2010. She holds a MS in Electrical Engineering from the University of Technology in Leipzig, 1991 and a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Kaiserslautern, 1997.
Cartographic maps of physical places have guided mankind's explorations for centuries. They enabled the discovery of new worlds while also marking territories inhabited by unknown monsters. Domain maps of abstract topic spaces, see http://scimaps.org, aim to serve today's explorers understanding and navigating the world of science and technology. The maps are generated through scientific analysis of large-scale scholarly datasets in an effort to connect and make sense of the bits and pieces of knowledge they contain. They can be used to objectively identify major research areas, experts, institutions, collections, grants, papers, journals, and ideas in a domain of interest. Local maps provide overviews of a specific area or institution: its interdisciplinarity, import-export factors, or relative speed. They allow one to track the emergence, evolution, and disappearance of topics and help to identify the most promising areas of research. Global maps show the overall structure and evolution of our collective knowledge. This talk will present recent developments in the design of visual interfaces to digital libraries as well as future visions of interactive dashboards that communicate real-time data streams and semantic web data to a general audience.
Dr. David Rosenthal is Chief Scientist of the LOCKSS Program of the Stanford University Libraries. Before joining Stanford University Libraries he worked at Sun Microsystems. Prior to that he was Chief Scientist of Nvidia.
Like all new media, the Web started out by emulating its predecessors. This is seen in the names, e-journal and e-book, implying static, mostly textual content. Why did the Web make such an impact? It wasn't HTML alone. That was just a rather inadequate document format. What made the difference was wrapping HTML and other formats in a service called HTTP, the service of delivering them to the reader's browser.
Our approach to collecting and preserving the new medium similarly emulated the past. It envisaged a third-party archive that would obtain a copy of the content and re-publish it. It focused on the HTML, the content, and not the HTTP, the service. This approach worked, with some limitations, for the old-medium kind of content. A long as scholars continue to publish papers, monographs and books with essentially static content, collection and preservation can continue using the old copy-and-re-publish model.
The Web started to become a dynamic medium early in its history, as advertisements appeared. Not preserving the advertisements didn't seem problematic. The Web is now an almost entirely dynamic medium, and not preserving its dynamic, service aspects is definitely a problem. This new Web of services provides a major opportunity for enhancing scholar's productivity; it allows their work to be re-used directly instead of being re-implemented from sketchy English descriptions. If scholars are to take full advantage of this opportunity, an entirely new approach to collection and preservation is needed. The copy-and- re-publish model doesn't work for services.
This transition provides an opportunity to seize the initiative and re-define both publication and preservation. It may seem unlikely that libraries could do this, but we have an example. By intervening aggressively early in the transition of academic journals to the Web, Stanford Libraries' HighWire Press defined much of the way e-journals work today. There is a window of opportunity to do something similar for services.
Curtis Wong is a Principal Researcher at Microsoft Research where he is responsible for the WorldWide Telescope and Project Tuva. WWT has won numerous awards including ID Magazine's top award for Interactive Design and Time Magazine's top 50 sites on the Web for 2009. He has collaborated with PBS to produce the broadband sites for Frontline's Age of AIDS, and Commanding Heights winning a British Academy Award for Online Learning. Prior to Microsoft he was Director at Intel responsible for Artmusem.net and the first enhanced digital television program broadcast in the US. Prior to Intel he created award winning CD-ROM's at Corbis and Voyager and feature films for the Criterion Collection. He has been a featured speaker at several TED Conferences and is included in “Who's Really Who: 1000 most creative individuals in the USA” authored by TED Conference creator Richard Saul Wurman.
What is the digital library of the future? Is it a digital website enabling access to the digitized versions of analog information sources or is it an enriched information retrieval system for multiple media types with richer services? Can digital libraries be more engaging, expansive in scope, enabling richer forms of interaction, context, content creation, sharing and annotation to become exploratory learning environments on their own?
The WorldWide Telescope launched in mid 2008, has enabled millions of people around the world to explore the Universe with its integration of interactive storytelling within the rich visual environment featuring terabytes of the highest resolution astronomical imagery linked to rich information sources on the Web.
Project Tuva launched in mid 2009 is a new look at how rich archival video content can be made much more accessible and extensible via hypermedia links to related content and simulations as well as full contextual search and user generated notes linked to video streams.
Both projects are digital media repositories but with different information architectures which make them compelling learning resources in their own right enabling users to author, annotate and share knowledge as well as curate their own paths through information and share them digitally.
This talk will begin with brief demonstrations of select interactive projects on diverse topics such as Leonardo da Vinci, globalization, history, epidemiology, and fine arts to reveal the underlying information architectures and design ideas that were key to their success. These projects informed the design of WWT and Project Tuva which will be deconstructed to reveal the underlying ideas and information architectures that extend digital repositories towards compelling social media learning environments and potentially shed some insight into designing digital libraries of the future.
Ms Lea Giles-Peters was appointed State Librarian in 2001, the first female State Librarian for Queensland. Lea has had an extensive career with senior management and academic positions in librarianship, government, education and information systems.
Lea represents the State Library of Queensland on the National & State Libraries Australasia (NSLA) and is a past member of the Board of Directors of Public Libraries Australia. Previous positions include: Director, Northern Territory Library and Information Services; Assistant Secretary, Northern Territory Department of Housing and Local Government; and Manager, CSIRO Library Network and Information Services.
Lea is an advocate of digital technologies and has a special interest in the role of libraries in education, community capacity building, and Indigenous services.
© 2010 The University of Queensland